The highly successful investor Warren Buffet is fond of saying, “Only when the tide goes out do you discover who’s been swimming naked.” The Covid pandemic is the most recent example of a major low tide event for unprepared organizations. We see its effects in tangled supply chains, confusing work arrangements, transportation systems in disarray, and now unresponsive information environments. This latter issue is an important one—so much so that I plan to devote several posts to it.
What does pandemic unpreparedness have to do with information, you might ask? I had already written that data science was quarantined during the pandemic because models trained on past data were no longer effective at predicting demand and supply. That problem is easing, but I suspect it is still manifested in our screwed-up supply chains.
But a new survey sponsored by IBM suggests that there is a bigger issue—companies simply couldn’t get the information they needed during the pandemic in order to make key decisions (disclosure: IBM contracted with me to help design and analyze the survey). It may even be that the lack of good, timely information for decision-making is a major factor in all the other problems we’ve faced during the pandemic.
The global survey of 750 IT executives across ten countries had multiple questions about the impact of the pandemic on companies’ information environments. 90% of respondents agreed that “The pandemic put pressure on our IT department to deliver information quickly about our fast-changing business environment.” Similarly, 92% agreed that “Due to drastic changes in customer behavior or other factors during the pandemic, reliable real-time data became even more important for business decisions.” No surprise thus far, I suppose.
But many companies didn’t fare well under the pressure of the pandemic. 36% agreed that, “During the pandemic, there was information that my IT department was unable to provide to business users for effective decision-making.” And when asked, “During the pandemic, to what extent was there information that existed within your organization but was not usable by the business?,” 84% answered either “to a great extent” or “to some extent.” This is big news; companies were facing one of the most significant crises of the Information Age, and to a large degree, we fell short in providing information to navigate through it.
More generally, 95% of respondents agreed that, “A business or societal crisis highlights the need for a flexible and responsive reporting and analytics environment.” Whether the crisis is a war, a recession or depression, or a pandemic, virtually every IT executive agreed that such environments make data and analytics more critical to a successful response. Turbulent environments require better information, and something is wrong if IT organizations can’t provide it.
What’s the Underlying Problem?
You are probably interested in why the information couldn’t be provided or was unusable, as was I. So here are the reasons provided and the percentages selecting them:
- The data could not be provided in the needed timeframe 40%
- Data could not be readily assembled and integrated 39%
- The appropriate internal IT resources were unavailable 38%
- The raw data was not available when necessary 32%
- Business teams needing data didn’t have necessary access 30%
- Outsourced IT resources were unavailable or too expensive 30%
These are surprising results. They suggest that companies for the most part had the necessary data, but many couldn’t make it available to the business users who needed it. Either it took too long, required too much integration or programming—either by internal or outsourced resources, or access wasn’t possible. Some firms had several of these problems.
This is not an academic issue; it has real implications. When asked what the implications of data not being available when necessary, only 3% said there were no consequences, and other respondents cited a large number of concerns:
- Customer dissatisfaction or attrition 43%
- Lower quality of products and services 40%
- Financial loss 39%
- Greater organizational risk (potential loss) 37%
- Reputational impact 33%
- Possibility of fraud 32%
- Regulatory exposure (potential fines) 28%
These seem to be dire consequences. And when asked to estimate the cost to their organizations of missed opportunities involving data, the estimates were—not surprisingly—quite high. The modal response (18%) was between 4 and 5% of company revenues. 92% estimated the cost would be between 1% and 10% or more.
We Need to Do Better
It’s clear that the current situation is unsatisfactory and very costly, and that Improvement is needed. Many organizations obviously need to take a different approach to how they capture, store, and provision information. One major change, according to survey respondents, is that we need to place additional emphasis on providing analytics more quickly. 95% of respondents, for example, agreed that “Making decisions based on accurate, timely analytics and insights has become as important as having accurate transactional data in my organization.”
However, in practice, transaction data often takes precedence. 87% of respondents agreed that “Information from business transactions tends to be available more quickly than information for analytics and insights in my organization.”
It’s not surprising that transactional data is a high priority; in the past that was pretty much all we had, and analytics were largely based upon it. To some degree that is still the case. In the survey, 93% agreed that “Information in operational, transactional systems is often also needed for analytics and insight-based decision-making in my organization.” But now analytics and AI come from a variety of data sources, and they increasingly can provide a picture of what’s happening in the outside world as well as inside companies. That, of course, is particularly important during pandemics or other business crises.
The importance of real-time analytics for decision-making is strongly supported by survey participants. When asked, “How important to your organization is it that data used for analytic insights is available in real time or close to real time?” virtually all—97%—agreed that it was either extremely or somewhat important. However, many are not able to deliver on this important objective. Only 28% say they can deliver real-time insights the business requires for all business issues, though virtually all (99%) can deliver real-time insights for at least some business issues. It seems unlikely, however, that business leaders will be content with being able to make timely decisions on only some aspects of their business environments.
So let me review the situation and the survey results. The pandemic, like other business crises, put pressure on IT organizations to deliver business information quickly. Reliable real-time data became more critical. But IT organizations couldn’t deliver; many said that needed information wasn’t available during the pandemic. And it’s timely analytics and insights about the business that were sorely lacking—for a variety of reasons, but timeliness, integration, and the need for programming were critical. The IT executives interviewed say that real-time analytics for decision-making are particularly critical during business crises, but many can’t provide them in real time. Instead, their systems and reports are more focused on transaction data, which tends to be provided more quickly than analytics.
In my next post in about a week, I’ll try to shed some light—from the survey and my own experience—of how we got into this situation. In addition to the historical factors I’ve mentioned, IT architectures, I believe, are part of the problem. So are different perspectives among IT executives. But more on all that later.